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RAHPP: Oregon's HARP 3 Pilot Program

Highlights

  • Oregon is starting a pilot program for Sen. Merkley's Rebuilding American Homeownership proposal.
  • The pilot is small in scope.
  • The RAH pilot program begins in April 2013.
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Getting Sen. Merkley's Refinance Program Moving

Update: On April 1, 2013 the Loan Refinancing Assistance Pilot Project (LRAPP) program began to accept applications from residents in Deschutes and Jackson counties, areas where the foreclosure crisis has been particularly severe. The pilot program is very limited in scope, but has the potential to test out a HARP 3 type program.

Oregon’s Hardest Hit Fund Organization announced a pilot run of Sen. Merkley’s (D-Oregon) Rebuilding American Homeownerhip (RAH) 4% mortgage program. The RAH is the first "HARP 3.0" loan program,  of the ones proposed so far, that would be available to all underwater borrowers.

Outside of RAH, underwater borrowers who do not have a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac loan that is eligible for the HARP program, or are eligible for a VA or FHA streamline refinance, have no refinance opportunities. Although Congress has talked about expanding the HARP program,so far, there has been no concrete action.

Some of the main HARP 3.0 proposals are:

  • Boxer-Menendez Bill: In January 2013, the Boxer-Menendez Bill was re-introduced. Teir Bill focuses on helping HARP-eligible homeowners.
  • President Obama's #MyRefi mass refinancing plan for all underwater borrowers, a plan he reemphasized in his January 2013 State of the Union address.
  • Rebuilding American Homeownership: In line with Pres. Obama’s mass refinancing idea, Sen. Merkley (D-OR) outlined a detailed refinance plan, the Rebuilding American Homeownership (RAH) for underwater homeowners.

Quick Tip

Ready to refinance? With rising housing prices and low mortgage rates, get a quote from a Bills.com mortgage provider.

RAH: Background  about Sen. Merkley's 4% Mortgage

The aim of the loan is to offer underwater borrowers an opportunity to refinance at low interest rates. Here are the proposed loans: 

  1. 15-year FRM (Fixed Rate Mortgage): 4% interest rate.
  2. 30-year FRM: 5% interest rate.

Sen. Merkley’s RAH program provides an opportunity for all underwater borrowers to refinance, as long as they meet two general criteria:

  • They are current on their loans.
  • They meet ordinary underwriting criteria (e.g., debt-to-income ratio and credit requirements).

The RAH program was introduced in July 2012, during the election season. Sen. Merkley published a working paper, proposing the 4% mortgage for 15-year loans. Since that time, there has been no legislation to push the program forward.

The RAH Pilot Program (RAHPP) - Multnomah County, Oregon

The first pilot of Sen. Merkley’s proposal will be in Multnomah County, Oregon. This is the most populated area in Oregon, with a population of about 735,000, and includes the Portland area. The pilot program will be run through the Oregon Home Stabilization Initiative.  The details of the program have not been released, including the manner the loans will be funded, guaranteed, and sold off, eventually allowing for more loans to be generated. (The first batch would be about 50 loans at $2000,000 each).

The exact underwriting requirements have not been released; however, according to the OHSI website, the limited pilot will begin in April 2013 and some of the eligibility criteria are:

  • "Significant negative equity on mortgage
  • "Intention to remain in home for 5+ years
  • "Owner of no other residential property
  • "Current on mortgage
  • "Reside in Multnomah County"

Although Multnomah County is not the hardest hit area in the United States, it has also suffered from the housing crisis and economic downturn. Here are some statistics from the US Census Bureau (2012) about Multnomah County, Oregon:

Population 735,334
Median  Value of Home (Owner Occupied) $281,900 ( 166,916 units)
Total Housing Units 322,567 (61% are 1-unit)
Occupied Housing Units 302,224 (about 94%)
Mortgage Status (Owner Occupied) 127,363 units with mortgage (about 76%)

Housing prices in Oregon have dropped more than 33% since hitting their peak in 8/2006 and their low in 2/2012. During the first nine months of 2012  Oregon's housing prices increased by 9%. The graph below shows a comparison of housing prices between 2002-2012 in Oregon, California, and the US average.

Oregon's RAH Pilot Program: Comparing Housing Prices

Here are January 2013 foreclosure rates, based on information provided by Realtytrac.com:

  • USA Nationwide        1:869
  • Oregon                         1:2636
  • Multnomah County  1:1621

Quick tip

If you are an underwater borrower, then keep up with all the HARP 3 developments on Bills.com HARP 3 mortgage page.

RAH – Will HARP 3 Take-off?

The RAHPP is a big step in starting Sen. Merkley’s 4% Mortgage program. The pilot will provide a framework to test the plan, adjust and improve it, and then to present it to the Senate for legislation.

As currently presented, the plan will begin in April 2013 and be available to a very limited amount of underwater borrowers in a very restricted geographical region. For the underwater borrower there are still many points missing, including the exact underwriting criteria (credit scores, DTI, LTV – what is significant negative equity?), lender fees, and appraisal requirements. It is also not clear how the program will be funded and the loans either guaranteed and/or sold to the secondary market.

The mortgage rate offered, 4% for a 15-year FRM or 5% for a 30-year FRM are not cheap. (It is still not clear what type of fees lenders can take); however, for some borrowers, this may be great opportunity to get into a lower interest rate and/or lower monthly payment.

Quick Tip

Ready to refinance? With rising housing prices and low mortgage rates, get a quote from a Bills.com mortgage provider.
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2 Comments

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  • OA
    Mar, 2013
    Otis
    I am a home owner in Jacksonville, FL. I pray this program gets approved as my wife and I are trying to hang in there and do the right thing by making our monthly payments on time. Since the house market crashed many of my neighbors have lost their houses or just simply walked way because of the loss value of their home. My home is worth half of the purchased price and I have two different mortgage with SPS. My interest is very discouraging as one mortgage is at 7% and the other is adjustable and is currently at 11.99%.

    I know there are a lot of people like me out there that don't qualify for HARP 1 or 2, and we're trying do the right thing by keeping our payments current, but we need help. The banks are not willing to refinance underwater homes.

    I feel I was misled or taken advantage of when I purchased my home. I am a veteran, and I believe the Realtor mislead me in the type of loan to get. I did not have knowledge about all loans I qualified for, including VA, and FHA loans. (personal contact information deleted)
    0 Votes

    • TM
      May, 2014
      Tracy
      We are also waiting for a bill like this in the state of Missouri, SEVERAL of our neighbors have walked away from their homes too...we are "hanging in there" making payments on time while being underwater and paying 7.5% interest rate. Wells Fargo, unwilling to work with us!
      0 Votes