Credit Questions and Answers

Credit Questions and Answers
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Credit

Credit Questions and Answers

Below are some frequently asked credit questions and answers that will help you make smarter decisions about your credit. If you have additional credit questions, feel free to Ask Bill.

What are the different types of credit?

Generally, credit is organized into three major buckets: Revolving credit: where a consumer borrows money from a lender and pays it back at the end or makes partial monthly payments (e.g., Visa and MasterCard). Charge credit: where the lender provides the consumer with a loan under the presumption that it is going to be paid in full at the end of the month (American Express). Installment credit: occurs when the consumer agrees to finance a debt with monthly payments over a predetermined period of time (e.g. mortgage).

How do you begin to establish credit?

Consumers desirous of establishing a good credit record should start off by applying for a credit card. The companies that monitor credit history compile information based on your payments and responsible consumers build up a good credit report by promptly paying off what they owe. A second consideration, especially if the consumer did not qualify for a conventional credit card, is to apply for secured credit. This method lessens the lender's risk by having access to some kind of guaranty from the borrower in case of default. An alternative way is to have a person with a proven history of good credit co-sign a loan. These co-signers are a form of guarantee diminishing the lender's risk of non-payment.

What happens if your request for credit is denied?

There are a variety of reasons dictating why credit may not have been extended. Reasons ranging from insufficient income, short-time at a job or address, and/or poor credit history. You should evaluate your situation and know that you are entitled to receive a credit report delineating your denial. You should also know that the credit bureau is obligated to investigate and correct whatever legitimate errors you find therein.

What type of bad credit loans can I get?

A short term loan (a.k.a. payday/cash advance loans) is one common type of bad credit loan that is available to you. This type of loan requires no credit check or co-signer. However, you do need collateral to qualify for a short term loan and a checking account for the funds to be transferred to.

Why do unsecured credit cards for bad credit have higher interest rates?

When creditors provide unsecured credit to those individuals with bad credit, the credit issuers face higher financial risks. So, to protect themselves, creditors set higher interest rates and fees for those with bad credit.

Why should I pay a company to repair my bad credit if everything is going to reappear after a few months?

If you use a reliable credit repair service, everything WON’T reappear after a few months -- if you have been the victim of identity theft, all of the wrong information should be removed. Most reputable bad credit repair services correct your entire credit file and stick with it until all issues are resolved and cleared. Your bad credit might have a long and deep trail, so it could take time to completely clear your credit file of all issues.

When do I need debt counseling?

There is no established debt amount or situation that dictates the need for credit counseling. Whenever you feel overwhelmed by debt, regardless of the amount, and need assistant with your credit debt, credit counseling can help you steer clear of huge financial troubles.

How do I know if a Credit Counseling Service is Legit?

When selecting a credit counseling service, make sure the credit counselor you will be working with is certified. Many credit counselors are required to have and maintain a Consumer Credit Counselor certification. The certification process involves specialized and comprehensive credit counseling training as well as the passage of the certification exam. Also, check with the Better Business Bureau.

How will Credit Counseling Affect my Credit Rating?

The existing condition of your credit report will influence how credit counseling will affect your credit; however, there is no hard and fast rule regarding credit counseling and your credit. Most creditors will report your usage of a credit counselor while other may not; and there’s no predicting how future creditors will interpret it. Many lenders perceive credit counseling as a consumer "work-out" program. Credit counseling will NOT impact your FICO score.

Is Credit Repair Illegal?

Credit repair is LEGAL. You may have heard some mention that credit repair is actually illegal; but the fact of the matter is there is nothing illegal about credit repair and disputing inaccurate information about your credit file. The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) actually encourages people to dispute inaccurate information.

What can be taken off my credit report?

Any inaccurate, unverifiable accounts such as inquiries, old addresses, additional names on the report (you must have at least one name on your report), unpaid collections, charge-offs, repossessions, bankruptcies, medical bills, credit card debt, and divorce debts.

What can't be taken off my credit report?

There are certain things that just can’t be removed from you’re your credit report. If accurate, those things are federal and state tax liens, child support, new student loans, and any bankruptcies reported by the bankruptcy court.

What is a Good Score?

The higher your credit score, the better; however, there is no real industry standard. Credit scores range from 350-850. Each creditor/lender judges your credit score differently and takes other factors into consideration when determining your eligibility and/or risk. Typically, anything above 690 is considered a great score. Below a 620 is frequently referred to as "sub-prime."

How often do Credit Scores Change?

Your credit score is fluid; it changes as your credit information changes. Anytime new information is added to your credit report, your credit score can change. The credit reporting agencies (TransUnion, Equifax, Experian) usually update their credit data every 90 days.

I have a Number of Credit Cards. Will that Affect my Credit Score?

Your overall credit history will determine how your credit is affected by having numerous credit cards. However, having an overabundance of credit cards with high balances or credit availability can negatively impact risk scores if your credit history is questionable.

How do I begin to establish credit?

Consumers desirous of establishing a good credit record should start off by applying for a credit card. The companies that monitor credit history compile information based on your payments and responsible consumers build up a good credit report by promptly paying off what they owe. A second consideration, especially if the consumer did not qualify for a conventional credit card, is to apply for secured credit. This method lessens the lender's risk by having access to some kind of guaranty from the borrower in case of default. An alternative way is to have a person with a proven history of good credit co-sign a loan. These co-signers are a form of guarantee diminishing the lender's risk of non-payment.

Is There a Rule of Thumb Regarding the Number of Credit Cards to Have?

In general, it is better to have a few credit cards with high credit limits than a large number of cards with limited credit limits. Having credit cards with high credit limits demonstrates that you are responsible enough to carry a high credit limit on multiple cards.

Is it a Good Idea to Transfer my High Credit Card Balance to a New Card with a Rock-bottom Rate?

If you want to transfer your credit card debt to a different card, you need to make sure that there are no catches with the introductory rate of the new card. For example, sometimes the low introductory interest rate on a card is only for a very limited time and then it skyrockets to an exuberant amount. You also need to ask if there are annual fees, late charges, or any other stipulations that might make transferring your credit card debt to a new card counter-productive.

So what is Credit Monitoring?

Credit monitoring is the automated process of keeping an eye on your credit. Credit monitoring helps protect you against identity theft and monitors any changes and/or inquiries made to your credit file by alerting you within approximately 24 hours of any major changes made to your credit file.

Will Credit Monitoring Hurt My Credit Score?

No. Credit monitoring has no affect on your credit score. It’s simply a service that keeps your credit in check. The only time it affects your credit is when you ask a creditor to inquire about your credit.

Does Credit Monitoring Monitor my Credit with all Three Bureaus?

The specific credit monitoring service you use will determine which credit bureau is referenced in monitoring your credit. Each credit monitoring service uses only one of the three bureaus to monitor your credit; however, since the activity you’re looking out for affects your credit across the board, it won’t matter which bureau your credit monitoring service uses. They’ll still be able to identify unexpected changes or discrepancies in your credit report.

How do I get a Hold of My Credit Report?

Three major credit bureaus offer credit reports:

To get a hold of your credit report, contact one of these three credit reporting agencies or Each bureau interprets your credit information differently, so you might want to get a report from all three.

Can I get a Copy of My Credit Report at Any Time?

By law, you're entitled to one free credit report annually from the credit bureaus. This can be accessed at: You can also request a no-cost copy of your credit report if you were denied credit; however, you can only request a copy from the specific credit bureau that supplied the credit report to the creditor who denied you.

What Information do Credit Bureaus Collect about Me?

Credit bureaus collect your identification information, employment history, credit inquiries, and any additional public records and data.

Will Requesting a Credit Report Affect My Credit?

No. Requesting a credit report will NOT affect your credit. You have the right to look at your credit report without it affecting your credit or score. When you request your credit report it's called a "consumer pull" and has no affect on your credit. The only time when requesting a credit report can affect your credit is when you ask a possible creditor to inquire about your credit. This is because it implies that you're possibly opening a new line of credit.

Should I Consolidate my Credit Card Debt?

If you have multiple credit cards, each with their own increasing debt, credit card debt consolidation might be just the thing you need. Consolidating your credit debt will allow you to make just one payment to a consolidator, instead of numerous smaller payments to multiple credit card companies. Frequently, you can also obtain a lower monthly payment.

Can I Get Arrested for Not Paying my Debt?

As long as fraud and theft are not involved, you cannot be arrested and jailed for failing to pay your debt. However, creditors can pursue civil monetarily to reclaim the amount owed to them.

Do Joint Credit Cards Help Build Good Credit?

Joint credit cards can work both ways. Since the credit card account is placed on both holders' credit accounts, the activity on the card as a whole affects both parties equally. So, if the card is maintained properly, it can help improve credit. However, if one of the card holders abuses the card and ranks up thousands of dollars in debt, it can adversely affect the other holder's credit rating.


CChristina Lang, Jan, 2016

I have a debt that has been in collections for 13 years. I am still receiving collection calls and mail from collection agencies. I thought after 7 years that was supposed to be removed, from my credit report, and I was no longer supposed to be hounded by debt collectors for this debt. How can I go about stopping the debt collectors. I thought with the Fair Credit Reporting Act or another financial act I was only liable for debt for 7 years, but it has been 13!! Thanks. This was for a credit card I was paying on time, until it was bought out by Bank of America and the APR more than tripled (original APR was 7.9, Bank of America upped it to 24.7 when they bought the company out) to where I was no longer able to afford the minimum payment. It went to collections 13 or 14 years ago.

BBetsalel Cohen, Mar, 2016

There are two separate issues that need to be addressed:

  1. Credit Report
  2. Collections and Statute of Limitations.

You are correct that in general a negative tradeline is removed from your credit report after 7 1/2 years. This is assuming that nothing occurred to reset the clock. If you see incorrect information on your credit report then dispute the item. (However, if you have a renewed public judgement, then it might still be a valid entry on your credit report).

A debt collector can sue you, even after the statute of limitations has expired. If you are sued, then do not ignore the summons. You can have the case dismissed through an affirmative defence. If you are being harassed, then check out how to send a cease and desist letter. 

DDebbie Dougherty, Jan, 2014
My husband and I were discharged from a Chapter 13 November 13, 2013. We have 2 credit cards that still are on our credit reports. They show as zero balance but show a high credit limit. Shouldn't these be showing discharged? All the other accounts show that way. Does showing it like we still have high credit limit bring our scores down? Please advise.
BBill Admin, Jan, 2014
File a dispute with each of the consumer credit reporting agencies that publish inaccurate information about these two accounts.

A high credit limit does will not harm your FICO score until it gets too high. How high "too high" is Fair Isaac & Co. won't say.

If a credit balance is still showing on these discharged debts, that will harm your score, especially if the accounts are classified as unpaid.
ccrystal L., Dec, 2013
5 years ago I opened a secured credit card in order to establish credit, now that my credit has improved I would like to switch to a regualar line of credit. We are very close to applying for a mortgage and want our credit scores to be as high as possible; as this is my longest conitnuous credit card with a good payment/balance history what it will do to my credit score if I close it and open an unsecured line of credit?
BBill Admin, Dec, 2013
Closing a credit card does not lower your score in relation to your credit history. You don't lose the benefit of your card's positive history.

Where closing a card can harm you is by lowering your credit utilization, the percentage of your credit limit that you're using. Utilization is measured per card and as an aggregate of all your cards.

There is no benefit to your score from closing the card and there is potential harm. In your place, I would not close the card were I close to applying and my credit would currently meet a lender's credit score requirements.
wwilliam settle, Sep, 2013
I have approx $40k in unpaid credit card debt that has not been paid on for at least 6 years. I have since moved and retired on a small income social security about $18,000 a year. I have felt terrible about this but i am unable to pay these bills but i really want to know where i stand legally concerning this debt. I am worried about accessing my credit report as i don't want some debt collector knocking on my door or putting a lien on the only car i have. What is my legal liability at this point?
BBill Admin, Sep, 2013
I have four reading assignments for you that will help you understand your rights and potential liabilities:

I know I gave you a lot to read. Take the time to follow the four links I shared so you better understand your position.

If a credit card issuer or collections agent files a lawsuit against you, consult with a lawyer who can help you file an answer to the lawsuit.

HHeather DePiero, Jul, 2013
I have a significant medical debt (about $60k) in the state of CA. The debt was reported to my credit about 9 years ago. I made payments of $40 per month for 7 years just to keep the collectors from harassing me. Now, the debt has fallen off my credit report due to time. Also, the payment schedule has ran out, so the collector has started calling me again for payment. My question is this, can they re-report to my credit if I don't continue to make payments? I feel like there is no point in continuing the payments for a debt i'll never be able to satisfy. I also feel like i've paid my debt to society by already having my report dinged once. Its been 9 years, how long can they continue to go after me for this debt? My credit report is finally "clean" and my score is great, so of course I don't want to do anything to hurt future scoring. Any advice for this situation? Thanks for your help! Heather
BBill Admin, Jul, 2013
Two separate issues here:
  • Most debts are allowed to appear on your credit report for 7 years. The clock starts at the date of first delinquency. Let us say for the sake of argument the $60,000 medical bill arrived on January 1, 2004, and was due February 1, 2004. You did not make the minimum payment on the bill on February 1. That's your date of first delinquency. Any subsequent payment agreement or payments you made are irrelevant as far as the date of of first delinquency is concerned. Using our hypothetical facts, this debt must be removed from your credit reports February 1, 2011.
  • This collection account may not appear on your credit report, but that is separate from the original creditor or collection agent's right to collect the debt. In all but two states, just because the debt passes that state's statute of limitations does not mean the debt cannot be collected. And, just because the debt no longer appears on your credit report does not mean the debt cannot be collected.

You asked what to do. Send the collection agent a cease communications notice. If the collection agent sells the debt to another collection agent, you will need to send the second collection agent a new cease communications notice.