Almost every vehicle on the road today with a loan or lease attached to it is worth less than the balance of the loan. The fact that your minivan is worth $3,000 and you have a $10,000 loan amount is not surprising, unusual, or a reason to consider a voluntary repossession.
Why is this so? Unless a person has a loan with an unusually brief repayment period, vehicles depreciate at a rate that is faster than a consumer can pay off the loan. According to a 2007 study by the American Automobile Association, the average annual cost of depreciation on a new vehicle is $3,392 per year. A new vehicle loses 15% to 20% of its value the moment a consumer buys it and turns it into a used car. Therefore, buyers who borrow money to buy a vehicle, or lease a vehicle should expect to be upside down for the duration of their loans.
If the friend who told you that Oklahoma and Illinois do not allow the collection on deficiency balances for repossessed vehicles is an attorney and you are his or her client, then you should believe your friend's legal advice and act accordingly. Unfortunately, the information your friend gave you is hogwash and an urban myth readers have shared with Bills.com before.
The truth is if a borrower allows a repossession of their vehicle, the creditor will sell the vehicle at auction and apply the sale price to the balance of the loan. If the sale price is less than the balance, this is known as a deficiency balance. The borrower must pay the creditor the deficiency balance plus the cost of the repossession. All of this is spelled out in a loan contract and each state's laws.
The fact that a vehicle is hobbled by mechanical defects is not a legal excuse to break the loan contract without consequence.
A deficiency balance is an unsecured debt, much like credit card debt, medical bill, or a payday loan. As such, it can be resolved in a debt settlement program. See the Bills.com debt savings center to get no-cost quotes from pre-screened service providers. See the Bills.com resource Advise on voluntary repossession to learn more.
I hope this information helps you Find. Learn & Save.