May I reopen my Chapter 7 case from two years ago and add a mortgage?
I filed Chapter 7 two years ago and kept my home. I'm just caught up on my payments. I want to sell my home but I can't get out what I owe on it. I tried a short sale offer, but it was not reasonable to the mortgage company. I can't rent my home because it's not allowed in my neighborhood. I don't know how to get out of this without them coming after me. I'm not worried about my credit because it's already bad. Can I still surrender my home if the payments are current? Should I reopen my case?
First, consider making another offer of a short sale to the mortgage company. You mentioned that your first offer was not reasonable to the mortgage company. Perhaps you can ask them what a reasonable offer is in your situation.
Second, go to Making Home Affordable to see if you qualify for this program.
Third, trying to reopen your Chapter 7 case to seek the discharge of your mortgage debt may be a viable option. A discharge of your mortgage debt in bankruptcy certainly would make walking away from the house much easier, as you would not be stuck with a deficiency balance that could result from foreclosure proceedings.
The first thing you need to do if you want to try to reopen your bankruptcy case is to consult with your attorney (preferably the same attorney who filed your previous case, if your past experience with him/her was positive) to find out if reopening your case is even possible. If so, learn what steps you need to take to make it happen. Generally, your lawyer would simply need to file a petition with the court requesting that your case be reopened, which would be filed along with an explanation of why the court should consider reopening the case. Once the case is reopened, he/she would likely file an amended creditor schedule and any other documents required by the particulars of your situation. If all goes well, you would be required to surrender the property to the creditor, and the bankruptcy court would discharge your mortgage debt.
Whether the bankruptcy court will allow you to reopen your case will depend on numerous factors, but ultimately the decision to reopen your case is at the judge’s discretion. In your case, the most important issue will likely be when you entered into the mortgage agreement, as that date will determine whether the debt can be discharged as part of the case you filed two years ago. If you took out the loan before you filed for bankruptcy protection, the discharge of the debt is possible.
However, if the mortgage was signed after you filed your bankruptcy petition, then the court probably will not be able to offer you relief within the scope of your previously closed Chapter 7. Also, if you reaffirmed on the mortgage during the original proceedings, which may have been necessary at that time to keep the house, the court may be unable to discharge your obligations under the reaffirmation agreement.
Consult with a qualified bankruptcy attorney so that you can discuss these and any other potential problems. Your lawyer should also be able to tell you how likely the court will be to grant your motion to reopen your case based on his/her previous experience with the courts in your federal district and with the individual judge involved.
If you would like to read more about the reopening of bankruptcy cases and the issues involved, you can read the US Department of Justice document The Law of Reopening: Revisited. In addition, I invite you to visit the Bills.com bankruptcy page for more information about bankruptcy and the alternatives available to consumers.
I wish you the best of luck and hope that the information I provided helps you Find. Learn. Save.
Did you know?
Debt is used to buy a home, pay for bills, buy a car, or pay for a college education. According to the NY Federal Reserve total household debt as of Q2 2022 was $16.15 trillion. Auto loan debt was $1.50 trillion and credit card was $0.89 trillion.
According to data gathered by Urban.org from a sample of credit reports, about 26% of people in the US have some kind of debt in collections. The median debt in collections is $1.739. Student loans and auto loans are common types of debt. Of people holding student debt, approximately 10% had student loans in collections. The national Auto/Retail debt delinquency rate was 4%.
The amount of debt and debt in collections vary by state. For example, in South Carolina, 37% have any kind of debt in collections and the median debt in collections is $2026. Medical debt is common and 22% have that in collections. The median medical debt in collections is $860.
Avoiding collections isn’t always possible. A sudden loss of employment, death in the family, or sickness can lead to financial hardship. Fortunately, there are many ways to deal with debt including an aggressive payment plan, debt consolidation loan, or a negotiated settlement.