- 4 min read
- Debt loans come in different shapes and sizes.
- Learn about the type of borrower you are.
- Match the debt loan to your financial situation.
Debt Loans: Finding One For Your Situation
There are debt loans available in all shapes and sizes. It is very confusing when shopping around for a loan or looking for debt relief solutions. The term debt loan, for instance, is used in different ways.
"Debt loan" is used to describe the following products:
- A home equity loan or a cash-out refinance
- A personal loan
- A Debt Management Program, which is really a payment consolidation and not a loan
In order to help you find the right debt loan for your particular financial situation, this article will discuss:
- The types and characteristics of Debt Loans
- Borrower profiles and financial needs
- Choosing the right debt loan and debt relief solution to meet your financial needs
The Types and Characteristics of Debt Loans
Secured vs. Unsecured Loans
Lenders require different types of security for different types of debt loans. Loans can be classified as secured loans or unsecured loans. If you provide an asset as collateral, such as a house or auto, then the loan is a secured loan. If the lender relies solely on your personal guarantee, then the loan is an unsecured loan. In general, unsecured loans are more expensive, as they carry a greater risk to the lender.
Here are some examples of debt loans that fall into these categories:
- Unsecured loans: payday loan, personal loan, student consolidation loan, credit cards, medical debt
- Secured loans: title loan, auto loan, cash-out refinance, home equity
For a more detailed discussion of personal loans secured vs. unsecured loans, see the Bills.com article about personal debts and personal loans.
Quick tip #1:
Student loans, both federal and private are handled separately. For more information about student loan consolidation read the Bills.com article consolidating student loans.
3 Common Reasons to Take a Debt Loan
There are debt loans for every financial situation. Debt loans can be used to solve urgent, pressing financial needs (such as paying a bill before the end of the month). Sometimes they are used to finance long-term projects. Some common uses are to:
- Pay off pressing bills
- Pay off credit card and medical bills
- Purchase big ticket items or vacations
If you are in financial distress, then you may feel pressured to take out high-interest loans that come with expensive fees. Be careful, because if you don't have the funds to make the required payments, then you will immediately be subject to aggressive collection tactics.
We all have different financial backgrounds, situations, and needs, which change over time. It is important to keep in mind long-term goals that include saving money and building equity. The terms of the debt loan that you can qualify for depend on your creditworthiness and overall financial position.
Borrowers looking for debt loans have different financial profiles. Here are a few ways of looking at the your financial status:
- Do I have a good credit score or a bad credit score?
- Do I have a high net-worth or a negative net-worth? Do I have lots of assets or lots of debt?
- Do I have a good income? How does my income match up with my monthly expenses? Is my cash flow positive or negative?
- Do I have late payments or am I in default on my loans or credit? Am I facing collection calls, law suits, or court judgments
Choosing a Debt Loan & Debt Relief Solution to Meet your Financial Needs
Here are some tips to help your find the right debt loan for your financial situation:
- Identify your situation: If you are not a well-qualified borrower, then work on building your credit score, your debt to income ratio, and your equity position.
- Work on a budget to guide yourself.
- Take out healthy debt that will help you build your equity.
- Avoid short-term, stop-gap loans, like pay-day or "fast" loans.
- When you take out personal loans and credit cards, shop around for the best deal.
The stronger the borrower you are, the more options will be available (as you can also use options open to borrowers weaker than yourself), and the cheaper the options will be. To help you match your financial situation with the debt loan appropriate for you, review the following chart:
|Weak Borrower||Strong Borrower|
|Borrower Characteristics||• Bad Credit • Negative Cash Flow • No assets and/or lots of debt • Facing law suits and/or court judgments||• Excellent Credit • Lots of Equity (house, investments, retirement accounts, auto) • Positive monthly cash flow • No credit problems|
|Types of Debt Loans||• High interest personal loans • High interest and fee Payday loans • Title loans||• Home Equity loan • Cash-out refinance • Credit Cards • Personal loans • Credit Card payment tactics, like snowball and avalanche • 401(k) loan|
|Non Debt Loan Solutions||• Debt Settlement • Debt Management • Bankruptcy|
Debt Loan Options by Borrower Types
Once you choose the solution (or solutions) that seem most appropriate to your financial situation, use the Bills.com resources to receive more in-depth details about the various debt loan and debt relief products.
Use Bills.com Debt Coach to help you find the best debt relief strategy.
Struggling with debt?
If you are struggling with debt, you are not alone. According to the NY Federal Reserve total household debt as of Quarter Q2 2022 was $16.15 trillion. Student loan debt was $1.59 trillion and credit card debt was $0.89 trillion.
According to data gathered by Urban.org from a sample of credit reports, about 26% of people in the US have some kind of debt in collections. The median debt in collections is $1.739. Student loans and auto loans are common types of debt. Of people holding student debt, approximately 10% had student loans in collections. The national Auto/Retail debt delinquency rate was 4%.
The amount of debt and debt in collections vary by state. For example, in Indiana, 28% have any kind of debt in collections and the median debt in collections is $1721. Medical debt is common and 16% have that in collections. The median medical debt in collections is $748.
Avoiding collections isn’t always possible. A sudden loss of employment, death in the family, or sickness can lead to financial hardship. Fortunately, there are many ways to deal with debt including an aggressive payment plan, debt consolidation loan, or a negotiated settlement.